We develop novel concordance tables between industries and technologies making use of linked inventor-employee patent data for Germany. We also find higher returns to an increase of the number of inventions when firms perceive patent protection to be strong. Theoretical work has emphasized the impact on investment behavior through its effect on capital user costs, but evidence for a substantial user cost elasticity is sparse. Deferred Patent Examination — Searching for a Double Dividend, unpublished manuscript, University of Munich. Finally, we provide evidence that -- in both countries -- the problem of forming labor market bonds is particularly acute for minority youth. Gutachten zu Forschung, Innovation und technologischer Leistungsfähigkeit Deutschlands 2017. The breadth of an inventor's technological recombinations diminishes with increasing temporal distance to his education, but the differences between scientists and engineers persist over time.
Harhoff, Dietmar; Lakhani, Karim R. We rely on responses from a recent survey of 3350 German inventors to test hypotheses regarding this institution. Münchner Wissenschaftstage Location: Munich 08. The Role of Patents and Licenses in Securing External Finance for Innovation, in: David B. Vertrauen und eine relativ lange Geschäftsbeziehung zwischen der wichtigsten Bank und dem Unternehmen sowie eine Konzentration der Fremdkapitalaufnahme auf relativ wenige Banken verbessern die Verfügbarkeit von Fremdkapital. These findings indicate that post-grant patent review may not constitute an effective correction device for erroneous patent grants in technologies affected by either patent thickets or highly dispersed patent ownership. Editorials Kur, Annette; Harhoff, Dietmar 2014.
München: Max-Planck-Institut für Innovation und Wettbewerb. Zwick, Thomas; Frosch, Katharina; Hoisl, Karin; Harhoff, Dietmar 2017. We also examine the association between used and unused patents and their characteristics such as family size, scope, generality and overlapping claims, technology area, type of applicant, and the competitive environment from where these patents originate. The increase in non-competitive renewable power generation though went hand in hand with a substantial rise in electricity prices - with consumers paying for the renewable energy subsidies. The estimation results also confirm the importance of network effects.
A substantial share of patents is neither used internally nor for market transactions, which confirms the importance of strategic patenting and inefficiency in the management of intellectual property. In this paper we employ firm-level balance sheet data to analyze the nexus between user costs and investment. Firms whose owners are approaching retirement age are characterised by relatively high hazards of voluntary liquidation, while the propensity to declare insolvency is not affected by the owner's age. Schwaiger, Manfred; Harhoff, Dietmar eds. Stöbern Sie durch unser Angebot und finden Sie aus unserer großen Auswahl das Buch, das Ihnen zusagt. Our database covers the price development in Germany from 1986 to 1994.
Patente — Fluch oder Segen für Innovationen, Zeitschrift für betriebswirtschaftliche Forschung, Sonderheft 54 6 , 80-104. Berlin: Stiftung Neue Verantwortung e. The outcome distributions are sufficiently skewed that, even with large numbers of projects, it is not possible to diversify away substantial residual variability through portfolio strategies. Part B of the report then addresses five core topics. To validate our measure, we find that it is correlated with all the most commonly employed proxies of the value of patents. Yet, the four indicators only explain 2.
We find this to apply in particular to more resource-constrained alleged infringers. The qualitative responses from our survey confirm this view, but also point to a number of dysfunctional effects. Defying conventional wisdom on the negative effects of uncompensated spillovers, innovative users also often openly reveal their innovations to competing users and to manufacturers. In particular in the present economic diffi culties, research and innovation policies have a central role to play. Mannheim: Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung. Much of the controversy has centred on the validity of valuations generated through the application of stated preference methods such as contingent valuation. We discover that large social benefits would result primarily from the elimination of unwarranted market power, and less so from litigation cost savings per se.
Zum Beispiel wirft das recht komplexe Konzept des autonomen Fahrens sowohl technische als auch rechtliche Fragestellungen auf, die nur im Zusammenspiel mehrerer Disziplinen adressiert werden können. However, so far there have been few effective means to replicate the published results within the framework of the corresponding article, to verify it, to make it available for repurposing or to use it to support scholarly debate. Our study then supports the view that the invention business is about investments of resources and human capital more than special organizational designs or local spillovers. This article summarizes prior studies on the incidence of financing constraints and uses recently collected firm-level data to explore particular issues. Outline for a German Strategy for Artificial Intelligence. Karin Hoisl is Associate Editor of the Strategic Management Journal.
Another important demographic aspect is the dominance of men in science and technology. In addition, appropriate importance has been attached to research, innovation and education in the plans of the new Federal Government. After using country, technology, and patent class fixed effects, we only explain 11. We also control for variables that have traditionally been included in estimations of inventive performance such as inventor age and a broad list of applicant institution-, technology-, patent-, and period-related information. Jahrhundert, Konrad Adenauer Foundation Location: Cadenabbia, Italy 23. We identify 21,935 East German Inventors via their patenting track records prior to 1990 and social security records in the pan-German labor market. Stronger participation by women in male-dominated scientific and technical professions could compensate partially for the effects of changes in the age structure.