Online Learning Solutions Pearson Learning Solutions offers a broad range of courses and custom solutions for web-enhanced, blended and online learning. The nurse could determine if the test is more specific for one category or the other. Tap water may also contain other nutrients. It's fast, it's easy and fewer course materials help minimize costs for your students. The last subsection and most valuable information for each test concerns thenursing implications with rationale.
Plus, a Body Systems Appendix includes a list of common laboratory and diagnostic tests for each body system as well as nutrition-related lab tests. Color and icons have been used to facilitate locating critical information at a glance. Reference values are given for adults and children. Caution is especially urged when using new or infrequently ordered drugs. Factors affecting laboratory or diagnostic resultsalert the nurse to factors that could cause an abnormal test result. Apply paper tape to hold gauze in place or replace with adhesive bandage.
For related tests, refer to the Endocrine System table. For related laboratory tests, refer to the Hepa- tobiliary System table. New or rewritten information on 15 laboratory and diagnostic tests prepares student and practicing nurses to use and interpret the latest in the field, fully understand the nursing implications, and properly educate their patients. Reference values, normal findings, descriptions, purpose s , clinical problems, procedures, factors affecting results, nursing implications with rationales, and guidance on client teaching are all covered for each test. Values for a low-sodium diet are three to five times higher.
Inform the patient the test usually involves a prolonged scan- ning schedule over a period of days. Explain to the patient that there may be some discomfort during the venipuncture. To my puppies, Maggie and Tayor, for their endless and unconditional love. Nursing-focused and easy-to-read, this handbook delivers all of the information you need to understand how tests work, interpret their results, and provide quality patient care--pre-test, intra-test, and post-test. Cortisol is the major glucocorticoid secreted by the adrenal cortex. Inform the patient that more than one sample may be necessary to ensure accurate results and that the samples are obtained at specific times to determine high and low lev- els of the hormone. It can be used by nursing students at all levels as a textbook in theory classes, integrating laboratory and diagnostic data as one aspect of nursing care; by practicing nurses, to update information; and in clinical settings as a quick reference.
Each monograph is presented in a consistent format for easy identification of specific information at a glance. Through the years, Kee has given numerous lectures and presentations in both the United States and Barbados, and has written various articles in the American Journal of Nursing, Nursing Clinics of North America, Nursing Journal, and Critical Care Quarterly. Reference values are given for children, adults, and the elderly. Antibodies may not be detected in the first six to twelve months, after the first appearance of symptoms. The specimens should be immediately processed. Explain to the patient that there may be some discomfort during the venipuncture. Dexamethasone is a synthetic glucocorti- coid that is 64 times more potent than cortisol.
The requesting health care practitioner and laboratory should be advised if the patient regularly uses these products so that their effects can be taken into consideration when reviewing results. Direct the patient to breathe normally and to avoid unnecessary movement. It can affect any voluntary muscle, but muscles that control eye, eyelid, and facial move- ment and swallowing are most fre- quently affected. Rising levels are associated with a poor prognosis. Obtain a list of known allergens, especially allergies or sensitivities to latex, and inform the appropriate health care practi- tioner accordingly. This text is appropriate for students in nursing and non-nursing programs, including medical technology programs, baccalaureate and nursing programs, associate degree programs, diploma programs, and practical nursing programs. Perform a venipuncture; col- lect the specimen in a 5-mL red- or tiger-top tube.
Then wash ung- loved hands after the gloves are removed. The two-part organization includes a review of specimen collection procedures, followed by a concise, alphabetical list of close to 300 tests and their implications. Collect specimens in a prechilled heparinized plastic syringe, and carefully transfer into collection containers by gentle injection to avoid hemolysis. Observe venipuncture site for bleed- ing or hematoma formation. Elevated serum sodium and decreased serum potassium suppress aldosterone secretion.
These tests are briefly discussed with reference values as they relate to the organ or condition of that category. Instruct the patient to remain still throughout the procedure because movement pro- duces unreliable results. Remission after thymectomy is associ- ated with a progressive decrease in antibody level. Answer any questions or address any concerns voiced by the patient or family. Address concerns about pain related to the procedure. Everything students and practicing nurses need to know about laboratory and diagnostic testing, with an emphasis on nursing implications and patient education. Direct the patient to breathe normally and to avoid unnecessary movement.