It is shown that languages like German that allow much freer constituent order than English and partial verbal phrases are incompatible with phrasal views on argument structure. Topics covered are clause structure, constituent order, coordination, verum focus, word structure, the relationship between relative pronouns and verbs in V2, extraction, and the foundations of a theory of phonology in constraint-based grammar. To this end, we invite submission of high-quality linguistic studies from all the central areas of general linguistics and the linguistics of individual languages which address topical questions, discuss new data and advance the development of linguistic theory. The notion of categorial identity, which states that the syntactic nodes connecting the lexical and functional heads within an extended projection with the phrasal node must all be of the same category type, is shown to hold for semi-lexical heads as well. Is morphological information included or not? By comparing theories one can identify their strengths and weaknesses and in the end develop more adequate theories and avoid pitfalls.
Taming the vernacular: Some repercussions for the study of syntactic variation and spoken grammar. The main innovation and, in my opinion, the most significant contribution of this book is the extensive coverage of stress or metrical structure and its influence on the order and length of compound words. This results in a grouping of languages that share the same code, with files containing very general constraints being used by all languages. This article is concerned with the evaluation of Ā-bound empty categories on the one hand, and with aspects of the theory of coordination on the other. On the whole, Spanish Phonology: A Syllabic Perspective is well-written and provides a novel perspective to the phonological analysis of several Spanish phonological phenomena. Resyllabification or, in other words, the well-known Spanish phenomenon of syllabication across word boundaries, is the topic covered in chapter 3. I argue that a lexicon-based approach does not run into the problems mentioned above and hence is more appropriate for the analysis of resultative constructions.
Both frameworks are related and some of the analyses in the respective frameworks are motivated by analyses from the other one. A concise yet thorough conclusion in chapter 6 brings the monograph to a close. And in both cases, prepositions are the neutral element. The paper provides a brief overview of the grammars and gives some motivation for doing theoretical linguistics the way it is done in the CoreGram project. Die Schriften Notkers und seiner Schule.
Cuadernos de Filologia Inglesa 8. We begin Chapter 6 with a discussion of Situation Theory, the background semantic theory, attempting to establish a precise and coherent version of the theory within which to work. Recent advantages in the language acquisition research are mentioned and conclusions on how theories should be constructed are drawn. The Glossary of Constraints, Summary of Constraint Rankings, and index also make this work a useful reference to have. About this Item: De Gruyter, Germany, 1978.
However, this analysis differs from most constraint-based approaches in assuming segment-internal representations, providing an explicit mechanism to explain the inventory including justifying particular feature specifications , and providing a unified account of both the inventory and phonological process facts. The advantage of using the Parallel Structures Model is that it representationally captures quite complex consonant—vowel and place-manner alternations using a limited set of privative features applicable to both consonants and vowels. I argue that the resultative construction should not be covered at a phrasal level, since phrasal analyses either have to stipulate an enourmous number of Constructions to capture all interactions with other phenomena in a realisitic grammar or one has to assume transformations which is something that is usually rejected by proponents of CxG. It consists of two parts. About this Item: Tübingen, Niemeyer, 1978. Clearly, this idea constitutes a research program rather than an articulated theory. A second part of the paper discusses active passive alternations in template-based approaches and points out that generalizations regarding c-structure are missing in the same way as they are missing in simple phrase structure grammar.
The monograph under review shows why this is not the case. Phonological, syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic aspects of linguistic properties are represented in one structure in both frameworks. The second part assembles all other published and unpublished papers by Höhle on German grammar. This volume contains the complete collection of published and unpublished work on German grammar by Tilman N. Apart from that, a phrasal approach has problems accounting for adjuncts in German, which can appear between parts of the resultative construction.
This exceptional status of prepositional elements is reminiscent of the fact that prepositional phrases are arguably the most flexible phrases in terms of their distribution. In chapter 5, Colina examines deletion and epenthesis in its varied contexts—word-final, plurals, Dominican double plurals, word-initial, and diminutives. Thus, every possible question raised about these two sounds and every conceivable answer is given its due; this comprehensive survey makes up the whole of chapter 3. In ¤2, I bring to light lexical and experimental data which suggests that the ~ u alternation is not in fact synchronically productive, clearing the way for a strictly parallel synchronic phonology. The authors argue that certain arguments in resultative and benefactive constructions in English are licensed in phrasal constructions rather than lexically. The role of metrical structure is also extended to the analysis of some long-standing problems of the well-known tone 3 sandhi process.
It shows that the phonological and morpho-phonological patterns of this language pose several challenges to the more traditional feature theories, which assume that consonants and vowels use for the most part different features. Likewise, through the use of tableau, constraint rankings and definitions, and a myriad of examples, she makes a compelling case for how these analyses answer unresolved issues. Polish generally has a voicing contrast in obstruents, but word-final obstruents must always be voiceless 1 : This new addition to the series on the phonology of the world's languages edited by Jacques Durand is the most comprehensive study of the synchronic phonology of Standard Chinese or Standard Mandarin since the publication of Cheng's 1973 monograph. From Jones to the latest views from Optimality Theory, the reader is skillfully guided through the various questions this issue has raised: Is this one phoneme or two? Some very general constraints hold for all grammars, some for subgroups of languages. Original-kartoniert, Bibliotheksexemplar mit Rückenschild, Signaturen und Stempeln entwidmet , Bibliotheksschild auf Vorderdeckel, Einband und Schnitt teils fleckig, Ecken und Kanten bestoßen, insgesamt ordentlich erhalten. This paper provides a representational and constraint-based analysis of the segment inventory and consonant—vowel interactions of Standard Serbian. The first part is Topologische Felder, a book-length manuscript that was written in 1983 but was never finished nor published.