Without these understandings, Kata is simply a mass of lifeless and meaningless physical movements. He spent seven years living and training with Kimo Wall, president of Kodokan, in the lineage of Higa Seiko and Matayoshi Shinpo. Like the other Kata of Goju-Ryu, Sanchin can be found in several Chinese arts San Jan , particularly the southern styles including four styles of Crane Boxing, Dragon Boxing, Tiger Boxing, Lion Boxing, Dog or Ground Boxing and Monk Fist. It is this science that the martial arts was based upon and developed. The book is divided into chapters that focus on each of the ten classical kata of Goju-ryu, containing step-by-step descriptions of the different movements and explanations of aspects of the kata that are commonly misunderstood. To better understand these Kata requires a more defined understanding of the language and culture of the people from which these Kata originated.
Kanryo Higaonna Sensei was taught this Kata, along with the other Kata of Goju-Ryu, while he studied in China from 1863-1881 under the direction of RuRuKo Xie Zhongxiang in Chinese and others. They are a concrete manifestation of techniques which can be transformed at any time to any form. These weapons are among many alternative weapons developed by the people of Ryukyu during the prohibition of weapons. The content of this site is to offer such a research venue. Although simple in form, our fundamental kata take years to develop. We practice kata frequently so that the movements become natural actions. Equally useful for the novice and for more advanced karate practitioners looking to deepen their understanding of kata and bunkai.
Each chapter concludes with a brief anecdote from the author's time in Okinawa, the origin of Goju-ryu, connecting it with the kata under discussion. Seiyunchin contains close-quartered striking, sweeps, take-downs and throws. First it refers to the struggle to control the body under physical fatigue. The kata listed below teach traditional Ryukyu weaponry. The idea of four directions can come from the performance of the four shotei in four directions.
These kata can also be used to oxygenate the body and cultivate internal energies. In additon, the wide-spread use of firearms reduced the need and effectiveness for hand-to-hand combat as a means to civil defense. The most notable difference between Sanchin and that of Tensho is that the breathing is explicitly different than that of Sanchin. When studying an 'empty hand' system it is important to learn how to defend against, and use weapons. He has written numerous articles on Okinawan karate and kobudo for the Journal of Asian Martial Arts, among other publications, and blogs at goju-ryu. Studying these kata unravels a thorough system of defend and attack techniques plus so much more. Arguing against the commonly held notion that kata techniques can have multiple interpretations, Hopkins insists that a kata cannot simply mean what the user wants it to mean, but contains specific martial principles that must be followed for it to work effectively.
Though the Kata itself is void of kicks, many practitioners make the grave mistake by missing the opportunity to apply any leg technique. Equally useful for the Goju-ryu novice and more advanced karate-ka looking to deepend their understanding of kata and bunkai, this book is a crucial addition to any martial arts library. Promotional kata were developed to be taught in schools, colleges etc. These sciences were understood and applied by the creators of the martial arts two millenia before scientific medicine was founded in the 19th century. Once we begin to understand their basic principles and themes, we see that each kata is composed of a limited number of sequences or self-defense scenarios, and each sequence is made up of receiving techniques, controlling or bridging techniques, and finishing techniques.
To leave it at that discounts a truer understanding. Tensho has many of the same principles of Sanchin but goes further to include more intricate concepts of the techniques of Goju-Ryu. Sanseru is found in the following styles of Chinese Boxing: Crane, Tiger, and Dog. Sesan is believed to be the oldest of all Okinawan Goju-Ryu Kata. With the changes brought about by Emperor Meiji Meiji Restoration Period 1888-1912 , Higaonna Sensei changed the open hands to closed fists as the martial meaning was no longer emphasized. Nunchaku Kata Dai Ichi Nunachaku kata number 1 Nunchaku Kata Dai Ni Nunchaku kata number 2 Shuji no Kon - Sho Tsukai no Kata Maezato no Tekko Maezato 's tekko.
The physical emphasis is on muscle contraction and breathing techniques which strengthen the body internally and externally. Aesthetics and audience appeal have replaced functionality. The Goju Ryu Kyokai practice these classic kata for functionality rather than aesthetics. We study fundamental kata to correct posture and practice correct breathing techniques, while developing the strength of our body internally and externally. An explanation of the name Sanseru and the other numerically named Kata is that they refer to a systematic method and understanding of certain groupings of vital acupressure points. Like Sanseru, the most apparent and most meaningful in the naming of Sepai is again from the martial arts development and the use of attacking pressure points. There is a version of Sesan practiced in the Shorin schools, but in comparison, the Goju-Ryu version is longer and much more complex.
Kata contain obvious external principles including proper body mechanics, maneuvering, distancing, technique placement, evasion, leverage, joint locks, throws and pressure point manipulation. The goal of the committee was to unify the various 'te' styles present in Okinawa and create a new series of 'Japanese karate-do' kata recognised by the Dai Nippon Butokukai. Other disciples of Feng created other quans expanding the number to 72 and ultimately 108. It contains the greatest number of techniques and variations. We predominantly study the kata of Naha-te lineage. .